Kahanec, M. (2012): A recent article by Martin Kahanec (Public Policy) busting the myth of welfare magnet of migration receives the attention of major international media. The article has been covered by Handelsblatt, Focus, The Globe and Mail's Economy Lab, Euractiv, Czech Press Agency (CTK) among others.
The paper studies the impact of unemployment benefits on immigration.
A sample of 19 European countries observed over the period 1993–2008 is used
to test the hypothesis that unemployment benefit spending (UBS) is correlated
with immigration flows from EU and non-EU origins. While OLS estimates reveal
the existence of a moderate correlation for non-EU immigrants only, IV and GMM
techniques used to address endogeneity issues yield, respectively, a much
smaller and an essentially zero causal impact of UBS on immigration. All
estimates for immigrants from EU origins indicate that flows within the EU are
not related to unemployment benefit generosity. This suggests that the so-called
„welfare migration“ debate is misguided and not based on empirical
“Unemployment Benefits and Immigration: Evidence from the EU”, forthcoming in International Journal of Manpower, (2012). (with Corrado Giulietti, Martin Guzi and Klaus F. Zimmermann) (also CEPR DP 8672; IZA DP 6075; 2011) (DOWNLOADABLE!)