Kahanec, M. a Králiková, R. (2012): Higher Education Policy and Migration: The Role of International Student Mobility, CESifo DICE Report, Vol. 9, No. 4, 20–27. (also IZA DP 6233 under the title “Pulls of International Student Mobility”, 2011)
International student mobility is an important channel through which
high-skilled immigrants arrive (Suter and Jandl 2006), and it is particularly
attractive in view of the high integration potential of highskilled students
(Chiswick and Miller 2011). The literature points out a number of higher
education policies that may affect international student mobility, such as
tuition fees, the language of instruction or the quality of the higher education
institutions (DeVoretz 2006).
In this paper authors look at international student mobility as a channel of high-skilled immigration and identify its key determinants among higher education policies. They begin by reviewing what we know about economic effects of high-skilled immigration. Subsequent sections examine the existing evidence on international student mobility as an important channel of high-skilled immigration and discuss higher education policies as a tool to attract international students. Subsequently, looking at available data, authors tentatively measure the independent effects of various higher education policies on the degree of internationalization of a country’s higher education measured by the share of international students in its student body. Conclusion is provided by reviewing the scope for such policies to attract high-skilled immigrants.
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