Discussion Papers


International Migration, Return Migration, and their Effects. A Comprehensive Review on the Romanian Case

Authors: Anghel, R. G. , Botezat, A. , Coșciug, A. , Manafi, I. and Roman, M.
Published: February 2017
Keywords: Romania, international migration, remittances, return migration, physicians migration
JEL classification: F22, F24, J15, P36


Romanian migration is today one of the largest, complex, and dynamic migration to Western Europe. This paper is a comprehensive review of the existing literature that aims at providing a full picture of this dynamic migratory process and discussing its far-reaching consequences. It first presents and characterizes the Romanian migration through the different phases during and after state socialism. The second part of the paper is dedicated to unfolding the socio-economic effects of the Romanian migration addressing the remitting behavior and its development over the past years. The issue of return migration is also addressed stressing that return is not much developed, however it has significant impacts through the emergence of returnees’ entrepreneurship. Finally we address some of the consequences of the medical doctors’ migration which is today considered one of the main migration challenges the country is facing.

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